Cover Image

Tracking Technologies – An Overview

Stefan van der Spek

Abstract


There is a growing demand for knowledge about processes in our cities, specifically the understanding of people’s actual behaviour. Advanced Tracking Technologies offer the ability to give both actual and detailed insight into both people’s individual and collective travel behaviour. The collected information can be used in urban analysis to map behaviour, feed prediction models, for simulation tools and for human behavioural sciences.

The use of emerging technologies such as GPS tracking, mobile phone tracking and RFiD is replacing existing methods and adding features to traditional instruments in the field of urban design and planning. Advanced tracking technologies have already been used in other fields – those of sociology, geography, transport planning logistics, and biology have been using tracking technology in their research since the 1990s.

This chapter gives an overview of tracking technologies relevant to urban design and planning. Firstly, the need for advanced technology is explained, followed by an explanation of available techniques. The chapter concludes with examples of the application of tracking technologies in practice.


Keywords


Tracking Technologies; Urbanism; GPS Tracking; RFID; Urban Design; Urban Planning

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahas, R., Aasa, A., Mark, Ü., Pae, T. and Kull, T. (2007) Seasonal tourism spaces in Estonia: case study with mobile positioning data, Tourism Management 28(3), pp. 898-910.

Ahas, R., Aasa, A., Roose, A., Mark, Ü. and Silm, S. (2007) Mobile positioning as a new data source and method for tourism surveys – an Estonian case study. in: M. Sigala, L. Mich and J. Murphy, eds, Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism 2007, Springer, Vienna, pp. 119-128.

Furbach, U., Marun, M. and Read, K. (2008) Information systems for Spatial Metro. In: F.D. van der Hoeven, M.G.J. Smit and S.C. van der Spek, eds, Spatial Metro: Street-level Desires, TU Delft, Department Urbanism, Delft.

Gehl, J. (2007) Public Spaces - Public Life Rotterdam, dS+V Rotterdam/Gehl Architects, Rotterdam.

Kickert, C. (2007a) The urban shopping arcade – a comparison of ten city centres, research report, Multi Development Corporation / TU Delft, Delft.

Kickert, C. (2007b) Spuikwartier The Hague, MSc thesis, TU Delft, Delft.

Kustermans, G. (2006) GPS in Spatial Planning, Spatial Metro research report, TUDelft, Delft.

Nielsen, T.S. and Hovgesen, H.H. (2004) GPS in pedestrian and spatial behaviour surveys, Conference Proceedings 5th International Conference on Walking in the 21st Century: Cities for People, Copenhagen, June 9-11, 2004.

Schaick, J. van (2008) Future scenarios for the relation between advanced tracking research and urban design and planning, paper for the Social Positioning Method 2008 conference, Tartu, Estonia, March 2008.

Shoval, N. and Isaacson, M., (2006) Application of Tracking Technologies to the Study of Pedestrian Spatial Behaviour, The Professional Geographer 58(2): 172-183.

Shoval, N. and Isaacson, M. (2007) Sequence Alignment as a Method for Human Activity Analysis in Space and Time, Annals of the Association of American geographers 97(2): 281-296.

Shoval, N. (2007) Sensing Human Society, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 34: 191-195.

Spek, S.C. van der (2006) Legible city – Walkable city – Liveable city – Observation of walking patterns in city centres, Conference Proceedings 7th International Walk21 Conference, Melbourne, 2006.

Spek, S.C. van der (2008) Tracking Pedestrians in Historic City Centres using GPs. In: F.D. van der Hoeven, M.G.J. Smit and S.C. van der Spek, eds, Spatial Metro: Street-level Desires, TU Delft, Department Urbanism, Delft.

Verbree, E., Bohte, W., Nieuwburg, E., Oosterom, P. van, and Quak, W. (2005) GPS-monitored itinerary tracking: Where have you been and how did you get there?, Geowissenschaftliche Mitteilungen 74: 72-80.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7480/rius.1.194

Copyright (c) 2013 Stefan van der Spek

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.